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Merkava Mk 1 - 4 Comparison

       
System / subject Mk. 1 Mk. 2 Mk. 3 Mk. 4
Main gun (caliber) 105 mm 105 mm 120 mm 120 mm
Engine (output) 900 hp 900 hp 1200 hp 1500 hp
Transmission Semiautomatic Automatic, 4 gears Automatic, 4 gears Automatic, 5 gears
Running gear External, double positions, linear shock absorbers External, double positions, linear shock absorbers External, single position, rotary shock absorbers External, single position, rotary shock absorbers
Weight (tons) 63 63 65 65
Turret control Hydraulic Hydraulic Electrical Electrical, advanced
Fire control Digital computer Digital computer  Advanced computer Advanced computer
Laser rangefinder Laser rangefinder Line of sight stabilized in two axes  Line of sight stabilized in two axes
Thermal / passive night vision Thermal night vision  TV and thermal auto-tracker  2nd generation TV and thermal auto-tracker
    Modern laser rangefinder Modern laser rangefinder
    Thermal night vision Advanced Thermal night vision
    TV channel Enhanced TV channel
    Dynamic cant angle indicator Dynamic cant angle indicator
    Commanderís sights Panoramically stabilized commanderís sights, day / night
Heavy ammunition storage Protected container for every four rounds Protected container for every four rounds Protected container for each round Protected container for each round,
Ready to fire ammunition storage Six rounds magazine Six rounds magazine Mechanical drum case for five rounds Electrical revolving magazine, containing 10 rounds
60 mm mortar External Internal Internal Internal, improved
Electromagnetic warning Basic Basic Advanced Advanced, 2nd generation
NBC protection Overpressure Overpressure Combined: overpressure and individual, including air conditioning (in Baz equipped tank) Combined: overpressure and individual, including air conditioning (heating and cooling)
Ballistic protection Laminated armor Laminated armor plus special armor Modular Special Armor Modular Special Armor, including roof protection and improved coverage areas
 
   
Created: June 26, 2002