Upgrade for the veteran TOW
II missiles are underway. Raytheon is currently promoting
a Bunker-Buster version of the TOW, which recently "spiraled
out" of the TOW program. TOW missiles are undergoing improvements
that will maintain them in service through 2025. The TOW Bunker
Buster uses a fragmentation high-explosive bulk charge to breach
up to 8 inches (20.3cm) of double-reinforced concrete walls
and destroy fortified targets in complex urban terrain.
The Hellfire AGM-114K
anti-tank version has also been modified to improve its fragmentation
capability, when engaging soft targets. The Mod-K modification,
pursued by Dynetics for the Aviation & Missiles R&D
and Evaluation Center, included the installation of a fragmentation
sleeve placed around the shaped charge, optimizing fragment
lethality against a broad target set, while minimizing degradation
of shaped charge performance.
Much smaller, but with potential to be most effective, is the
Assault Weapon (UAW) was displayed by Qinetiq. The company
conducted extensive research evaluating various shoulder launched
weapon concepts, designed to provide infantry troops an effective
urban engagement capability. Qinetiq designed their UAW concept
to be lightweight (less than 17.6 lbs (8 kg) but capable to
provide multiple effects from a single munition, defeating bunkers,
buildings or light armored vehicles.