Return to current Issue
Back Issues: 1-04, 2-04, 3-04, 4-04,
1-05, 2-05, 3-05, 1-06

 Topics & Features:

  Armored Fighting Vehicles
  C4ISR / Wireless Networking
  Combat Aircraft
  Electronic Warfare
  Fire Support
  Future Combat Systems
  Homeland Defense
  Infantry / Urban Warfare
  Logistics & support
  Naval Systems
  Net Centric Warfare
  Precision Strike
  Protection & Survivability
  Spec-Ops, Counter Terror
  Training and Simulation
  Unmanned Systems
  Defense Exhibitions

  RSS News Feed

Relevant Features:
Product Links:


Search Defense Update:

   Become a member
   Advertise on this page
   Send suggestions...



New Equipment for Urban Warfare fielded by the Israeli Army

< Page 4 of 9 >

Simon door breaching munition from RAFAEL
Operation Homat Magen provided the first lessons in large-scale operations in Urban-LIC. These lessons were incorporated into the development and adaptation of intelligence gathering, command and control and combat support systems. One of the many results of these lessons was the fielding of new door and wall breeching equipment, originally developed for special operations, but now issued as standard equipment to the infantry units. These systems include the ‘Simon’ door breeching grenade, which has since been fielded by a number of western military organizations, including the US Marine Corps, and US and British Armies.

Israel is sharing experience and R&D on urban warfare related systems. "What began as a cooperative research and ‘lessons learned’ cooperation effort between the US and Israeli governments evolved into industrial teaming for major development programs, involving RAFAEL and General Dynamics". Col (Res.) Nimrod Ran, RAFAEL's Urban Warfare Program Director told defense Update. RAFAEL (teamed with General Dynamics) and IMI (teaming with Lockheed Martin) have submitted competing proposals for the USMC Follow-On to SMAW (FOTS) and future US Army Bunker Defeat Munition (BDM) programs and are expected to follow with similar programs for future Army programs.

Operation Homat Magen also overwhelmed the terrorist organizations in the West Bank, buying essential time for the creation of the security fence, which is expected to reduce the vulnerability of Israel's population centers to Palestinian suicide attacks.

A different situation developed on the Southern front. To bypass the terrestrial barriers erected by the IDF along the perimeter of the Gaza strip, the Palestinians adopted new tactics using ballistic weapons firing improvised Rockets and Mortars (RAM) at civilian Israeli targets within range of their operational area. These attacks increased to intolerable levels, forcing the IDF to enter the segregated Gaza strip area in search of rocket/mortar firing teams and their support structure. The Palestinians quickly retreated into the cities and camps, where they tried to trap IDF armor in deadly ambushes. The weapons used were improvised landmines and IEDs, which scored several deadly hits, even against the Merkava, Israel’s heaviest tank. The flat, sandy terrain enabled extensive underground activity, facilitating covert movement between buildings. Tunnels also provided logistical supply channels for military equipment, as well as subterranean approach routes for attacks against Israeli outposts.

Security operations in the Gaza strip involved continuous conflict with insurgents. Palestinian attacks were directed at fortified outposts, installations, patrols and supplies, as well as civilian settlements. Escalating through a continuous pattern of attack and response, the IDF implemented layer upon layer of defenses to its vehicles. They added armor to tanks after several attacks against tanks. They also added protected armored fighting compartments to armored personnel carriers, and peripheral cameras, to enable improved situational awareness and responsive fighting capability by mechanized infantry.

M-113 modified by the IDF with an elevated fighting compartment for urban LIC.
Novel tactical approaches were introduced for armor. Merkava tanks are equipped with a window and firing hatch in the rear door, enabling snipers to guard the rear section of the tank. Another modification to the Merkava was the installation of a medical kit, for use during evacuation of wounded soldiers under fire. Belly armor was added to tanks, protecting against buried shaped charge IEDs weighing over 100 pounds. Following the destruction of two explosive loaded M-113s operated by Combat Engineer troops, the IDF improved the protection of its M-113s, introducing an enhanced composite armor suite utilizing reactive and passive protection. The new Trophy active protection system developed for IDF Merkava tanks was modified to fit medium and light armored vehicles, and has now been re-designed to protect the Stryker Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).

Trophy active protection system installed on a Stryker APC

Other topics covered in this article:

Start - Previous - Next


  Updated: 01/11/2006

Site Map



© 2002-2006 All Rights Reserved

 About us - Advertise - Terms of use