T-95 Main Battle Tanks & Tank Support Vehicles
to Augment Russian Armor Units
In 2009 the Russian Army is scheduled to receive
a new main battle tank, claimed to be superior to existing designs.
The new tank will introduce a new hull, power plant and drive
train. It will also have improved firepower, comprising of new
armament, target acquisition, fire control and surveillance
systems. The Russian Army is also planning to field the long
awaited Tank Support Vehicle, scheduled to enter production
at Uralvagonzavod next year. The first armor units are expecting
the new BMPTs by 2010. (More...)
In 2009 the Russian Army can expect to receive the first examples
of a new, locally designed main battle tank, claimed to be superior
to all existing designs. According to General Nikolai Makarov,
director of procurement department and Deputy Defense Minister
Army, the new tank (assumed to be designated T-95) has a new
hull, power plant and drive train, and firepower, comprising
new armament believed to consist of an unmanned turret carrying
the gun, an automatic ammunition loader, and elevated pedestal
comprising target acquisition multi-sensor day/night systems.
The tank is equipped with advanced, fire control system. The
tank is under development at Ural based Uralvagonzavod plant.
Apart from the Russian Army, Saudi Arabia was reported to be
interested in the new tank, according to a Sept, 2007 French
News Agency report. However, since actual testing in Saudi Arabia
were conducted with T-90s, it is assumed that the saudis are
evaluating the T-90 rather than the radically new T-95.
According to Jane's, the T-95 (currently known as "Object
775") will have a weight of about 50 tons, with length
and width similar to the existing T-72, T-80 and T-90 MBTs.
Jane's believs this model will be equipped with a smoothbore
135 or 152mm cannon. The three crewmembers are seated in a hull
mounted capsule seperated from the ammunition by an armored
main battle tank under development in Russia, the "object
640" (also known as 'Black Eagle'), is also under development
at the Omsk-based Design Bureau of Transport Machine-building.
Unveiled at an arms exposition in Omsk, Siberia, in 1999 Black
eagle has not been seen since. This Black eagle also features
a new chassis and turret but uses a manned turret with an automatic
According to Makarov the new tank is expected to complete the
current test series in 2008 and enter production in 2009. Makarov
claimed the new tank will be competitive and superior to current
main battle tanks. He admitted that while the local industry
can deliver highly sophisticated weapon systems, there is still
a shortage of high quality military components for such systems
that resulted from years of neglect of military industrial infrastructure
since the collapse of the Soviet military industry enterprises.
unmanned turret design is already incorporated in another vehicle
designed at Uralvagonzavod, known as 'Tank
Support Vehicle' or BMPT. By 2010 the first Russian armor
units are scheduled to be equipped with this vehicle, dubbed
'Terminator' - Russia's Ground Forces Commander, Colonel General
Alexei Maslov, told news media that the first tank company will
be equipped with BMPT by 2010.
The 'Terminator' will enter production in 2008. Uralvagonzavod
developed the vehicle based on combat lessons learned during
the war in Chechnya, but its implementation has been subject
to delays. According to Novosti news agency, Uralvagonzavod
Director General Nikolai Malykh, confirmed that his company
received the first orders for the new vehicle, the first two
BMPTs will be produced in 2008.
The BMPT uses the T-72 tank chassis. It is equipped with enhanced
armor and improved armament for the engagement of airborne and
surface targets, including light and medium armored vehicles.
Its main armament consists of two 30-mm 2A42 automatic cannons,
a coaxially-mounted 7.62-mm PKTM machine gun, and four launchers
with laser-guided Attack-T anti-tank missiles. According to
the Vzglyad business newspaper quoted by Novosti, "Several
foreign countries have already expressed an interest in buying
the Russian-made BMPTs".
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